Malaysian Records in Athletics as at 31.12.2010

>> March 25, 2011

Malaysian outdoor records in athletics as at December 31, 2010. The records are maintained and edited by track and field statisticians, Jad Adrian & Roger Loong (both Malaysian) with helped by World statistician, Heinrich Hubbeling of Germany who one of the editors of NATIONAL RECORD for ALL COUNTRIES in the World. Click here to download (PDF format)


WOO CHAN YEW Marathon 2:28:36s
US based Malaysian marathoner Woo Chan Yew set a new national record 2:28:36 during the Montreal Marathon in Montreal Canada in September 05, 2010, eclipsed the old record 2:29:27s by K. Baskaran in 2001. He surpassed the record earlier in 2009 with 2:26:35s in USA, but it was removed from the World-NR file by its editors because the race was held at "downhill marathon course".

After winning the silver medal at the 2009 SEA Games in Laos with 16.92m, which was surpassing the old national record 16.67m by his coach, Mohd Nazar, Adi Alifuddin smashes his old record three times in 2010;

17.38m NR Adi Alifuddin Hussin 3 Ried AUT 02.07.2010
17.31m NR Adi Alifuddin Hussin 1 Malacca MAS 15.06.2010
17.18m NR Adi Alifuddin Hussin 5 Taipei TPE 29.05.2010

MELINDER KAUR 3000m Steeplechase 10:55.31s
She broke her old record 11:04.14s by more than eight seconds when she crossed the finish line with 10:55.31s during the SUKMA Games in Krubong Malacca on June 17, 2010. In 2009, she broke the national mark three times- at the Malacca Open with 11:11.05 in June, 2009. And two weeks later clocking 11:07.31s at the Chinese Taipei open. She lowered the mark again with 11:04.14s during the Mini Olympics in Kuala Lumpur in August 2009.

4x100m Women Team 45.33s - Zgorzelec, Poland
The team made up of Yee Yi Ling, Norjannah Hafiszah Jamaluddin, Nurul Sarah Abdul Kadir and Siti Zubaidah Adabi clocked 45.33s during the International Athletics Meeting in Zgorzelec, Poland in July 17, 2010. The 45.33s had erased the old record of 45.37s which had stood for 21 years (Anita Ali, G. Shanti, Sajaratuldur Hamzah and Mumtaz Jaafar -SEA Games 1989). The team has clocked 45.60s and below by at least 6 times in 2010.

TAN SONG HWA Hammer Throw 58.45m
She set the national record at hammer throw three times in 2010. Below is the details of her achievements in 2010:

58.45m NR Tan Song Hwa 8 Veszprém HUN 10.07.10
58.13m NR Tan Song Hwa 4 Ried AUT 02.07.10
57.68m Tan Song Hwa 1 Bangkok THA 02.10.10
57.55m NR Tan Song Hwa 1 Taipei TPE 29.05.10
57.42m Tan Song Hwa 1 Kuala Lumpur 31.10.10
57.31m Tan Song Hwa 5 Szekesfehervar HUN 17.07.10
56.19m Tan Song Hwa 2 Nitra SVK 26.07.10
55.84m Tan Song Hwa 1 Temerloh 02.05.10


Southeast Asia Athletics 2010 Rankings and Analysis

>> March 20, 2011

The 2010 athletics rankings of Southeast Asia is now available for download. These rankings include the top 10 ranking lists for most Olympic events. In addition, more detailed lists for the stronger events like the men's 100 metres where a total of 25 performances that ranges from 10.32s to 10.69s have been listed in the rankings. Indeed, these rankings will be very useful especially for athletes, coaches, relevant officials, sportscasters, and commentators, heading to the 2011 SEA Games in Palembang. Special thanks to Mr. Heinrich Hubbeling of Germany (Asian AA statistician) for the great help in preparing this rankings. Click the button below to download:

On the rankings, scoring have been given to the top eight performances according to standard scoring points for country rankings at the International events (i.e. Continental championship etc.),  where the first place (ranking no. 1) has been given eight points, while second place with 7 points and down through to the eighth place which has got 1 point. Below is an illustration of the rankings analysis:

The above results gives a very clear proof, that the standard of Vietnam improved very much during last year (2010) especially in the women events where they have 27 athletes in the TOP 8 against 16 athletes from Thailand. In other instances, Vietnam has the most athletes on the TOP 8 with 112, get over Thailand which has 103 athletes. However, as you see Thailand remains the powerhouse of Southeast Asia athletics because they has 15 athletes at the rankings number one. On the other hand, Malaysia and Indonesia have shown some improvement or at least maintains their position among the Southeast Asia nations. In contrast, Brunei, Laos and Timor Leste will have difficulty to win a medal at the 2011 SEA Games according to the analysis.

I bet this is what's going to happen at the 2011 SEA Games in Palembang Indonesia in November, unless if there are major changes in the 2011 rankings that will be released a week before the SEA Games.


Complete Sprinting Technique: Charlie Francis, John Smith, Tom Tellez, S.M Phelps, Dan Pfaff, Bob Kersee

>> March 06, 2011

Proper technique is fundamental for athletes to success in any sports. Good sprinting technique allows athletes to move quicker and more efficient. Conversely, poor sprinting technique results in poor running mechanics, increases braking action that subsequently limit the performance potential. Maurice Green once said perfecting sprinting technique would help a sprinter running faster with less energy.



Ben Johnson's former coach, Charlie Francis (1948-2010) defined "sprint position" (technique) in his book, "Training for Speed" as below:
  • Head is held high and is the beginning of running tall.
  • The torso is erect and in a position of design posture.
  • The hand of driving arm comes up to the level of the face.
  • The shoulders are relaxed.
  • The hips are high enough above the ground to allow the driving leg to extend fully to the ground.
  • The ankle of recovery leg clears (i.e. travels above) the knee of driving leg.
  • The ankle fully extends at the end of the leg drive.


Speed expert, Scott M. Phelps recommends the following linear movement techniques in his book "explosive track and field" :

Upper body technique  

1) Head
  • Head must be tall and relaxed.
  • The spine will be better aligned to hold the body straight, but it all starts at the head.
  • Relax all the face muscles.
  • Keep the head perfectly still. Don't let it move side to side.
2) Shoulder
  • Relaxed and normal, running just like walking, don't hunch up and tighten shoulders.
  • All arm motion comes from the shoulder joint so it must be loose and free to move.
  • Let the arm swing like pendulums at the shoulder joint.
3) Arms
  • Keep the arms as close as 90 degree angle as possible.
  • Arm swing shouldn't cross the body.
Lower body technique  

1) Hips
  • Keep the hips tall. Run as tall as you walk.
  • Keep the hips forward and maintain good posture.
  • Focus on moving the hips as you run.
2) Legs (Acceleration mechanics)
  • Legs should pump up and down like pistons.
  • Knee drive forward.
  • Emphasize knee-up, toe-up (not heel).
3) Legs (Velocity Mechanics)
  • Legs should cycle like a riding a bike.
  • Knee recovers up in front of the body.
  • The heel comes up under the hamstring.
  • Emphasize knee-up, heel-up, toe-up.
4) Foot
  • Plantarflexion (swimming-foot's style) should only occur at push off of the ground.
  • All other times the foot should dorsiflexion (toe up).
  • Use the foot like a spring board.
  • Use the heel only to stop and stand - NOT RUN!
Click here to read how to set and move out of the blocks.


A coach of champions at "all levels of track competition", i.e., college-level champions to World and Olympic champions (e.g., Carl Lewis, Michael Marsh, and Leroy Burrell). According to Tellez, sprinting is a natural thing where an athlete must allow his or her body to work naturally. Tellez mentioned the following sprinting tips and techniques:
  • "No pawing, no reaching, no pulling, just picking the feet up and putting the feet down."
  • "The sprint cycle requires only driving the hip and foot into the ground and this sets up the natural recovery, the tighter the heel on recovery the faster the turnover." 
  • "It is vital that a sprinter plant the full foot and not land on the toe – the heel can hit as well, but the contact is full and allows for the stretch reflex in the foot and ankle and Achilles."
Below is a Tellez's presentation video about the block starts and acceleration mechanics, brought by HPC Sports:



A special review from a speed and conditioning consultant, Adrian Faccioni on the sprinters trained under renowned track and field Gurus, John Smith (coach of Greene, Boldon etc.), Dan Pfaff (coach of Donavon Bailey etc) and Bob Kersee (coach of Florence Griffith etc.)
1) Starting Technique
  • Very active arm action (first 5 to 8 strides)
  • Drive knee to chest
  • Head stays down for as long as possible
  • Piston action with legs (Dan Pfaff)
  • Cycle action with legs (John Smith)
2) Upper body
  • Elbows in front of body.
  • If not in front, limits full knee lift position, increases rear side mechanics.
  • Slight forward body lean.
  • Chin down.
3) Lower leg mechanics "cues"
  • "Riding the bike"
  • "Running over mini hurdles"
  • "Stepping over the long grass"
4) Other techniques
  • Powerful vertical force production into track - only after kenn lift motor pattern has been established.
  • Maximal Dorsi-Flexion at ground contact.
  • Do not try to fully extend thigh with each ground contact.
  • Thigh passes only 20 degree past alignment with upper body.

Arm Swing
Arm swing plays important roles in sprinting. Proper arm swing is necessary to counterbalance the rotary movement of the legs, or otherwise, stride frequency etc. would deviate from ideal. 
  • The arms should swing from the chin level, moving up and down in a more synchronized manner with the front and back swings. 
  • Elbow angle: approximately 90 degrees of flexion (not exactly 90 degree) at elbow and about 2-3 inches outwards of the mid line (not shoulder width), and should be symmetrical or balanced.  Keep the elbows locked and arms short is a good idea to encourage a faster arm swing.

Stride Length

Stride length, or more correctly called "step length" (measured from toes-to-toes of the same leg) must be proportional to the leg's length of a sprinter (not that the bigger is better). Logically, taller sprinters would have longer stride length, but not always the case - depend on his/her "strategy." 
  • It is not a good idea recommending male sprinters to run the 100m in 45 strides, just because you have heard world sprinters complete the 100m in 45 strides.
  • The best example was Tim Montgomery who has a personal record of 9.78s, taking 48 strides to run the 100m. Other examples are: Walter Dix (9.92s / 48 strides), Kim Collin (9.98s / 48 strides), Michael Frater (9.97s / 48 strides), Trindon Holliday (relatively short sprinter, 5'4", 10.00s / 50 strides) and many more. 
  • Usain Bolt took 41 strides in Berlin (9.58s) but he is 6'5" and has longer legs.
Watch: Trindon Holliday & Walter Dix won the 2007 World Championship slots with 50-51 and 49-50 total strides respectively:

Also watch: Trindon Holliday 10.00s / 50.5 strides (2009 NCAA Championship - Gold) here

The topic of stride length vs frequency has always been a subject of debate. Research have shown that optimal stride length for maximal speed in sprinting is between 2.3 – 2.5 times of the athlete’s leg length. Given a leg length of 1.0-m,  one should consider a stride length (at maximal speed) not longer than 2.50-m. Would you automatically lose to taller sprinters? (like Usain Bole, whose stride length is 2.80m) not really, stride frequency comes into consideration! 

Stride Frequency

Stride frequency or more correctly "step frequency" is the number of steps taken per second. Therefore, the unit for step frequency is in Hz. Stride frequency depends on leg length. If an athlete attempt to take longer stride, reduced turnover (leg speed) should be expected (maybe not good). 
  • Over-striding will create a decelerative force and slows the movement. Attempt to change stride length and frequency must occur by considering adjustments in overall mechanics and force production (such as running technique and relaxation).
  • Stride frequency may be increased (by reducing stride length) in order to sprint faster. Example, Ben Johnson (height: 1.78m) applied this strategy by adding his total number of strides from 45 in 1987 (World champs) to 46 in 1988 (Olympics), in order to run 9.79s. Not that he torn his hamstring several weeks before the Olympics, and likely affected his training regime. Other athletes such as Tim Montgomery (also 1.78m height) took shorter stride length (48 total strides in 100m) when he ran 9.78s, breaking Maurice Greene's world record of 9.79s in 2002.
What is important to note is that world-class male sprinters (sub 10.10s) took 41 to 50 strides (not necessarily 45) to complete the 100m race, which is basically dependent on a sprinter's leg length and strategy. Importantly, stride length and frequency must be trained in the expense of retaining proper sprinting mechanics.


Here is a good video on teaching how to maximize running efficiency (video by expertvillage):

All in all, athletes must develop proper, efficient and consistent running mechanics in order to maximize sprinting performance. A slight asymmetry of movements may be acceptable. A coach must understand what is defined as good technique - there is no such thing as perfect technique in sprinting. The key is for you to understand what acceptable (ideal) and bad techniques are, so that proper interventions can be done. Incorporating better methods of training, ranging from technical and strength development are necessary.


Athletics Development - Vern Gambetta

>> February 24, 2011

If you're coach or athlete or student or teacher  everyone who looking for the most effective methods and prescriptions for each facet of an athletes' physical preparation including:

> sports-specific demands analysis,
> work capacity enhancements,
> movement skills development,
> long - and short-term training program progressions,
> rest and regeneration techniques etc.

I would suggests to read this book: Athletics Development - The Art and Sciance of Functional Sports Conditioning. It's written by the World-renowned strength and conditioning coach, Vern Gambetta.



Chapter 1: A Functional Conditioning Framework
Chapter 2: Factor Affecting Athletics Movement
Chapter 3: Sport-Specific Demands Analysis
Chapter 4: Options and Methods of Testing
Chapter 5: Strategies for Performance Training
Chapter 6: Program Planning and Fine-Tuning


Chapter 7: Energy and Work Capacity
Chapter 8: Movement Aptitude and Balance
Chapter 9: The Critical Body Care
Chapter 10: Full-Spectrum Strength
Chapter 11: Integrated Power Training
Chapter 12: Linear and Multidimensional Speed
Chapter 13: Multiphase Performance Preparation
Chapter 14: Recovery and Regeneration


Here are some review of users (at amazon) on the book;

Review 1: ...This book has great insight in the formation and development of training regimens mostly for elite athletes. However it does glance by initial training steps for the novice...

Review 2: ...The thing that makes this book so very exceptional is its seamless combination of the author's significant personal coaching experience and the state of the art in exercise and sports science...

Review 3: ...This book is a must read for coaches or anyone seeking to develop the total athlete. It is focuses mainly on the science of functional training methods but also details some great thoughts on coaching in general..

Recommended readings:


Teddy Tamgho 17.91m Triple Jump - World Indoor Record (Video & Result)

>> February 22, 2011

Teddy Tamgho broke his own World indoor record in the Triple Jump on February 20, 2011 during the French national indoor championships in Aubiere.

The 21-year-old Frenchman leapt 17.91m and add one cm to the record he set when winning the World indoor title in Qatar, in March 2010.

Following are the full results and videos (17.91m & 17.90m in 2010):


17.91m (WIR)    1989      Teddy Tamgho
17.02m              1989      Yoann Rapinier
16.92m              1976      Karl Taillepierre
16.78m              1991      Gaetan Saku Bafuanga
16.57m              1977      Colomba Fofana
16.54m              1988      Harol Correa
16.39m              1986      Jules Lechanga
15.62m              1983      Davy Manga

Teddy Tamgho 17.91m New World Indoor Record

Teddy Tambgo 17.90m World Indoor Record (2010)

Results & photo courtesy of Federation Francaise d'Athletisme


The Facts of Altitude Training in Ranau, Sabah

>> February 18, 2011

The idea of altitude training began in 1950's and flared up after the 1968 Mexico Olympics which lies at an altitude of 2,290m above the sea level where most athletes broke all types of record likes:
  •  Jim Hines became the first man to break 10s in the 100 metres.
  •  Tommie Smith broke the 20s barrier despite raised his arms 15m before the line.
  •  Again in the 400m, Lee Evans became the first man to break 44s barrier.
  •  Bob Beamon leapt 8.90m in the long jump, eclipsed the previous WR by 55cm.
  •  Olympic records at high jump, pole vault, shot put, javelin and hammer throw etc.
  •  17 World records in track and field and so on.
NOTE: M. Jegathesan clocked 20.92s at 200m during the 1968 Mexico Olympics. The time is notable for the fact that no Malaysia has yet been able to equal it, and has stood as the Malaysian record for more than four decades now.

Controversial Ranau sports complex as MAAU training venue for SEAG
The air is thinner at higher altitude enables athletes to sprint faster, jump higher, throw further etc. However the only problem about altitude training is that the topic has been heavily baffled by beliefs concerning its effects rather than a rational to understand of what really occurred (physiological changes) because of exposure to altitude training.

For general overview about altitude training see the previous article

Benefits of altitude training 

Training effects on metabolic and cardiovascular that occur at altitude (training) are:
  • Erythropoietin (EPO) increases - more red cells production stimulated - carry more oxygen to muscles.
  • Increase of submaximal heart rate and cardiac outputs - more volume of blood pumped by the heart (at one heartbeat).
  • Elevated (increased) capillary volume - creates more blood pathways to muscle cell.
  • Improve oxygenation - muscles activity will be more efficient and recovery time will be shorten. 
  • Body fluids more alkaline (because of less in carbon dioxide) - ability to buffer acid lactic (means lesser lactic at altitude).
  • A higher volume of mitochondria - powerhouses in cells - generate ATP - more energy.
  • An increase in the lungs' ability - exchange gases more efficient - every breath take more oxygen.
Which sports or athletes who would get the benefits?

This is typical question by many people. Which sports or events that can have the most benefit from altitude training? distance runners? sprinters? jumpers? throwers? walkers? footballers? swimmers?

The question is not fully elaborated so the answer would be not that simple. However the best answer might be this, "depend on the specific objective or aim". Hence, a runner who wish to improve the aerobic capacity may perform an altitude training stint. A pole vaulter who wish to break record may choose a competition that is held at altitude due to lower air resistant (e.g. Sergey Bubka WR 6.14m). A quarter-miler may use altitude training to improve the quality of sea level training. All athletes might need to get altitude exposure if the next important competition to be held at altitude (1968 U.S Olympic Trials at Echo Summit comes to mind).

Background of Ranau (as altitude training site)

Ranau is a district that located around 100km from the state capital, Kota Kinabalu. Ranau is known for its hilly geographic structure and has many wonderful places including the mount Kinabalu (4,095m). The average elevation of Ranau is not known but according to Sabah Tourism the place is at 1,176m above the sea level, and it was probably measured at the town. The average temperature ranges from 16°C at night to 24°C in the day. Following is an estimate all-day temperature in Ranau (near Kundasang and some other places):

02:00 A.M - 19°C         08:00 A.M - 20°C         02:00 P.M - 25°C        08:00 P.M - 19°C

 Awesome High Altitude environment at Mesilau Ranau (6560ft above sea level)
Altitude training in Ranau, Sabah

Ranau has several potential sites for altitude training in which are easily accessible from the main road. One of the sites is at Kundasang, a small town (part of Ranau) that situated approximately 12 km from Ranau town, located at altitude (average) of 1,600m above the sea level (2,000m at Kundasang golf club) and this place could be classified moderate altitude.

Another potential site for altitude training is at Bundu Tuhan that located around 30km from Ranau town towards Kota Kinabalu. The altitude for Bundu Tuhan is around 1,770m above the sea level, also classified  moderate altitude.

High altitude meanwhile is specifically classified at any elevation of 2,500m to 3,500m from the sea level. In Ranau, the highest altitude is surely 4,095m (peak of mount Kinabalu), and there are surely many accessible areas at lower altitudes, that can be utilized for running training. For instance, with altitude (average) of over 2000m, Mesilau Plateau may be suitable and a possible place for runners who would like to experience training at higher altitude. This area is situated around Kundasang, not far from the main road (Ranau - Kota Kinabalu) or the Kundasang town, easily accessible and there are many lodges, hotels around (Kundasang town).

High altitude is probably best done with "live high - train low" method. This method will require you to live (not training) at an altitude area for at least 8 hours a day (night, sleep time) for 4-6 weeks long. During the period, the training is done at sea level or low altitude. The physiological changes can occur while you're exposed with the environment when living at altitude.

How about at Ranau Sports Complex (RSC)? 
RSC is located  8km from Ranau town and geographically awesome. This place is surrounded by the crocker range and situated at altitude of 780m or 2560ft (measured exactly at the main stadium). Since the elevation of Ranau sports complex is classified as low altitude, athletes would probably not gaining any physiological benefit (according to scientific findings) from training at there. However, the real benefit of altitude training at this place may be environmental.

RSC has the finest condition setting as a training ground for all sports. The cooler temperature (average of 21°C during standard training times, A.M &  P.M), fresh air, and beautiful scenery and so on would be the advantages for athletes as these conditions may allow the athletes to push the body to a greater extend than that of training at less favorable places or conditions. The peaceful environments can also promote mind and physical comfort and this will surely elevate the training readiness and performance.

Quick notes for altitude training
  • High altitude (2,500m - 3,500m) training shouldn't exceed 4 weeks at one stay.
  • The lower the altitude, the longer time we need to get the maximum benefit of altitude training.
note: photos from unknown sources / original owners.


Asian Athletics - Full Ranking 2010

>> February 17, 2011

Asian Athletics Ranking for 2010 is now available for FREE download. This free edition is courtesy of Mr. Heinrich Hubbeling (A.T.F.S for IAAF and Asian AA) for Asian AA correspondents. The rankings include the top 10 lists at each Olympic events and a few additional non-Olympic events. Click here to download. Malaysia's Top Performers (Ranking) for 2010 also available, click here to request.

Asian Athletics Ranking for 2010 (click image to enlarge)  (download)
However, the more indepth statistics (handbook) for 2010 (and previous years) is only available from Mr. Heinrich Hubbeling. Detailed handbook item are as follows:  (If you're interested please refer to pricing below).

2009 Asian Athletics Handbook

+ Asian Continental TOP 30 at each events
+ Detailed lists for additional best performers from countries other than CHN or JPN (up to best 4 per country for each event)
+ Report for all national records during 2009 season
+ ASIAN Continental records as at 31.12.2009 (Seniors/Juniors / Outdoors and Seniors / Indoors)
+ ASIAN athletes in world lists 2009 (survey)

2010 Asian Athletics Handbook - Soon this year.

Previous Publications / Handbooks

Interested on the previous Asian Athletics statistics ?? A few copies still available from the editions for the seasons 1998, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007 and 2008 at reduced price of EURO 10/USD 15 per copy (while all other Yearbooks are sold out); In addition few copies of the “ASIAN Athletics All-Time Rankings as at 31.12.2000”- Book are still available against reduced payment of EURO 15/USD 23.

Pricing and Order

-EURO 15/USD 23 (surface mail) by payment:
  -in cash (per letter) in EURO, USD or equivalent in other currency     or
  -by International Money Order ( IMO );
  -payments by cheque (banks outside of Germany) not possible due to the very high bank charges.

For more detailed information about the publication / handbooks (and order), please contact Mr Heinrich Hubbeling by email at :   OR   contact me at :  if you have questions. 

Recommended track and field handbooks: 


2nd USM Open Relay - Results, Videos, Photos

>> February 13, 2011

The 2nd edition of USM Open Relay concluded yesterday at USM Athletics Stadium, Bayan Lepas, Penang.

More than 30 teams from the whole country were taking part including the full-strength UPM's women team in the 4x200 metres which comprises top national sprinters, Siti Fatimah Mohamed, Nurul Sarah Abdul Kadir, Norjanah Hafiszah and Siti Zubaidah Adabi.

Special thanks to the organizer for the success in making this event as one of the most popular track meets at the national level at the moment. Also not forgotten about the initiative on the total price money increased from RM 13,000 last year to RM 19,000 this year. ("cough.. cough.") I hope they will add another RM 6,000 to make a total of RM 25,000 price money next year...!!

However, this event could be more interesting and attracts more participants if it be held during the Malaysia's athletics season (April-October). Because competitive athletes are going through the conditioning or preparation phase at the moment and most of them disallowed to take part by their coaches.

Major results are as follow:


4x200 Metres Open
1, Navy Team, 1:30.6s
2, Serantau Striders Team, 1:30.9s
3, University Putra Malaysia (UPM) Team, 1:31.2s
4, PDRM (Police) Team, 1:31.3S
5, Performances Team, 1:31.6s.

4x800 Metres Open
1, Serantau Striders, 08:18.8s.

Medley Open (200m - 200m - 400m - 800m)
1, Serantau Striders Team, 3:32.6s
2, University Putra Malaysia Team, 3:41.1s

Medley Junior
1, SSN Malacca "A", 3:42.7s.


4x200 Metres Open
1, University Putra Malaysia Team, 1:45.2
(Siti Zubaidah, Norjannah Hafiszah, Siti Fatimah, Nurul Sarah)
2, Performances Team, 1:51.2

Medley Open (200m - 200m - 400m - 800m)
1,University Putra Malaysia "B", 4:21.2s.
2, Performances Team, 4:27.7s.


4x100 Metres Open
1, University Putra Malaysia "Team A", 44.7s.


4x200m women final


NOTE: If full results is not available at the games website, you can request your event results via email address below (I've got the full results in the paper format):




To be updated




To be updated



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