Weight Training Tips

>> March 03, 2010

Strength qualities in weight training
 
1) Maximum strength
* Aim: Maximum load lifted
* Set/Repetition/Percentage/Recovery :
Low repetition 1-3 / High load 95-100% of 1RM / Full recovery.

2. Strength
Aim: Maximal strength
*Set/Repetition/Percentage/Recovery :
3-5sets / Low – Medium repetition 3-8  / 80-95% of 1RM / 2-5 mins

3. Hypertrophy
* Aim : Muscles size
* Set/Repetition/Percent/Recovery :
3-5 sets / Moderate and high repetition 8-12, 70-80% of 1RM / 60-90 sec

4. Endurance
* Aims : To produce repeated contraction under conditions of fatigue
* Set/Repetition/Percent/Recovery : 
4-8 sets / high repetitions  15-100 / low intensity 30-40% of 1RM / 30sec

5. Power
* Aim: To develop fast and powerful movement
* Set/Repetition/Percent/Recovery:
2-4 sets / Medium repetition 4-8 / 30-60% of 1 RM / 2-5 mins

How to estimate your 1 repetition maximum (RM)

FORMULA
1 RM =  [ (r  ÷ 30 ) + 1 ]  x  w
r – Repetition
w – weight

Situation: to estimate your bench press 1RM
Choose your preferably loads  = 70kg
Maximum repetition you can do = 13 times

Hence;
1 RM =  [ (r  ÷ 30 ) + 1 ]  x  w
r – repetitions, w – weight
1 RM = [ ( 13 ÷ 30 ) + 1 ]  x 70
1 RM = [ 0.4333 + 1 ]  x 70
1 RM = 1.4333 x 70
1 RM = 100kg (an estimate Bench Press 1 RM)

General Training Guidelines 

1. Off-Season : Hypertrophy, Muscular Endurance
2. Pre-Season : Strength, Endurance, Power
3. In-Season  : Strength, Endurance, Power
4. Transition : Strength

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